Endemic birds

Vietnamese endemics
There are now considered to be twelve true Vietnamese endemics if we count species found only in Vietnam. Two species, Imperial Pheasant (Lophura imperialis) and Vietnamese Pheasant (Lophura hatinhensis), are no longer considered true species. Imperial Pheasant is now thought to be an Edwards’s x Silver Pheasant hybrid and is considered an invalid taxon by BirdLife International. Vietnamese Pheasant is most likely just a form of Edwards’s Pheasant. The twelve endemic species are:

  • Annam Partridge Arborophila merlini
  • Edwards’s Pheasant Lophura edwardsi
  • Orange-breasted Laughingthrush Garrulax annamensis
  • Collared Laughingthrush Garrulax yersini
  • Golden-winged Laughingthrush Garrulaxngoclinhensis
  • Chestnut-eared Laughingthrush Garrulaxkonkakinhensis
  • White-throated Wren Babbler Rimator pasquieri
  • Pale-throated Wren Babbler Spelaeornis kinneari
  • Vietnamese Cutia Cutia legalleni
  • Black-crowned Fulvetta Alcippe klossi
  • Grey-crowned Crocias Crocias langbianis
  • Vietnamese Greenfinch Carduelis monguilloti
Vietnamese Cutia
Vietnamese Greenfinch

Near endemics and specialities
Many of the most sought after birds in Vietnam are Indochinese endemics and are only found in Vietnam and Cambodia or Laos. Other specialities are species whose ranges are limited to Indochina and Thailand, China or Myanmar, or are globally threatened species that over-winter in Vietnam. Near endemics and specialities include the following species:

  • Orange-necked Partridge (Vietnam & Cambodia)
  • Siamese Fireback (Vietnam, Cambodia. Laos & Thailand)
  • Germain’s Peacock Pheasant (Vietnam & Cambodia)
  • Crested Argus (Vietnam, Laos & Malaysia)
  • Red-collared Woodpecker (Vietnam, Laos & China)
  • Red-vented Barbet (Vietnam, Cambodia & Laos)
  • Coral-billed Ground Cuckoo (Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos & Thailand)
  • Yellow-vented Green Pigeon (Vietnam, Laos, Thailand & Malaysia)
  • Bengal Florican (Vietnam, Cambodia, India & Nepal)
  • Spoon-billed Sandpiper (Vietnam, Thailand, Myanmar, Malaysia & Singapore)
  • Saunders’s Gull (Vietnam, China, Taiwan, South Korea & Japan)
  • White-shouldered Ibis (Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos & Borneo)
  • Giant Ibis (Vietnam, Cambodia & Laos)
  • Black-faced Spoonbill (Vietnam, Thailand, China, Taiwan, Korea, Japan & Borneo)
  • Blue-rumped Pitta (Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand & China)
  • Bar-bellied Pitta (Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos & Thailand)
  • White-winged Magpie (Vietnam, Laos & China)
  • Indochinese Green Magpie (Vietnam, Laos, Thailand & China)
  • Ratchet-tailed Treepie (Vietnam, Laos, Thailand, Myanmar & China)
  • Indochinese Cuckooshrike (Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Thailand & Myanmar)
  • Yellow-billed Nuthatch (Vietnam, Laos & China)
  • Grey-crowned Tit (Vietnam & Cambodia)
  • Masked Laughingthrush (Vietnam & China)
  • Grey Laughingthrush (Vietnam & China)
  • Rufous-cheeked Laughingthrush (Vietnam, Laos & China)
  • White-cheeked Laughingthrush (Vietnam, Cambodia & Laos)
  • Red-winged Laughingthrush (Vietnam & China)
  • Black-hooded Laughingthrush (Vietnam & Laos)
  • Indochinese Wren Babbler (Vietnam & Laos)
  • Sooty Babbler (Vietnam & Laos)
  • Grey-faced Tit Babbler (Vietnam, Cambodia & Laos)
  • Black-crowned Barwing (Vietnam & Laos)
  • Indochinese Fulvetta (Vietnam & Laos)
  • Black-crowned Parrotbill (Vietnam & Cambodia)
Siamese Fireback
Red-vented Barbet
Grey-crowned Tit

Possible future endemics?
In addition to the twelve true Vietnamese endemics there are several very distinct races of some bird species found in the Dalat Plateau Endemic Bird Area that may prove to be full species at some time in the future. Among these potential new species are:

  • Blue-winged Minla Minla cyanouroptera orientalis
  • Rufous-backed Sibia Heterophasia annectens eximia
  • Black-throated Sunbird Aethopyga saturata johnsi
  • Red Crossbill Loxia curvirostra meridionalis
  • Brown Bullfinch Pyrrhula nipalensis ssp
Black-throated Sunbird