Located in mainland South-East Asia bordering Cambodia and Laos to the west, China to the north and the South China Sea to the east, Vietnam is a long thin strip of a country with over 3,000 kilometres of coastline.

At each end of the country are densely populated fertile lowlands, the Red River Delta in the north and the Mekong Delta in the south, where much of the country’s rice is grown. These two deltas are connected by a narrow coastal plain behind which the Truong Son or Annamite mountain range runs virtually the whole length of the country.

In the far north-west of the country are the Hoang Lien mountains and Vietnam’s highest peak, the 3,143 m high Mount Fan Si Pan, while further south the Kontum Plateau and Dalat Plateau form the Central Highlands. The Dalat Plateau is of special interest to birders being home to several endemic species and distinct subspecies of more widely-spread birds.